High Blood Pressure: Causes and Cures

What Is Blood Pressure?

What Is Blood Pressure?

The blood reaches all body parts through blood vessels while the heart pumps this blood. Blood pressure can be explained as the pressure the blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels while travelling.

When this blood pressure increases or elevates from its normal range, it is known as high blood pressure. Consistent high blood pressure can have adverse effects on the quality of life of a person. One can consult the best cardiology hospitals in Delhi to ensure early detection and treatment for high blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Can Lead To

  • Heart attacks: High blood pressure means that high pressure is exerted on the walls of the arteries by the flowing blood. It, in turn, damages the walls of the arteries, which can be blocked, which can lead to a heart attack.
  • Stroke: High blood pressure can also cause strokes due to the damaged arteries being blocked by blood clots.
  • Kidney failure: High blood pressure can interfere with the filtration system of the heart and, in turn, cause kidney failure.
  • Vision loss: High blood pressure can raise the strain on the eyes’ blood vessels, resulting in vision loss.
  • Angina: Angina is chest pain, which occurs when blood doesn’t reach the heart. It can occur due to the formation of clots due to high blood pressure.
  • Peripheral artery disease: This disease caus by narrowing blood vessels, which results in pain in most parts of the body. The narrowing of blood vessels occurs due to high blood pressure.

Damage Caused by High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is the increased blood pressure on the body’s blood vessels. This increased pressure damages the walls of the blood vessels. This can, in turn, causes cholesterol to build up in the damaged tears of the blood vessel wall.

It increases the strain on the heart to pump blood around the body and reduces efficiency. It can result in the body undergoing life-threatening changes.


High blood pressure generally has no symptoms as it is a condition that develops over some time. Minor symptoms like headaches or nose bleeds may result from high blood pressure, but they aren’t necessarily specific to high blood pressure. They can happen due to various other reasons.

Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure

Age: Blood pressure generally increases with age. Men have a higher chance of high blood pressure than women.

Family history: High blood pressure is a common condition that runs in many families. It is a very widely known condition inherited in today’s world.

Obesity: As obesity results in an increased number of tissues in the body, the number of nutrients also needed increases, which increases the blood flow and the pressure on the walls of the blood vessel.

Physically inactive: Inactivity increases the heart rate of the body. The increased heart rate means an increase in blood flow, which in turn results in increased pressure on the blood vessel walls.

Tobacco: The chemicals in tobacco damage the wall of the arteries, which results in the arteries narrowing and increasing the pressure exerted on the walls.

Alcohol: Excessive drinking damages the heart, which leads to high blood pressure.

Stress: High-stress levels can temporarily increase blood pressure. A continuous and frequent episode of stress can consistently result in high blood pressure.

Types Of Blood Pressure

Blood pressure can be classified into primary and secondary hypertension.

  • Primary hypertension: This type of hypertension has no related cause, such as hereditary or disease. It develops in adults as they age and the type of lifestyle.
  • Secondary hypertension: This type of hypertension caus due to another factor like a disease. It caus by the disease and develops suddenly, not gradually. The condition that may cause high blood pressure includes kidney disease, adrenal gland tumors, etc. Some medications also result in secondary hypertension.

When To See a Doctor

There are machines in the present day that allow people to measure their blood pressure at home. However, a doctor may be able to better assist with accurate results.

The best cardiology hospitals in Delhi give appointments with doctors to check blood pressure, especially for people above forty or people living in high-stress environments. If a person is following an unhealthy lifestyle, frequent checkups of blood pressure recommend.

Blood pressure should check in both arms to determine accurate readings.


Blood pressure is essential to monitor for early treatment and healthy life. Blood pressure can check by the best cardiology hospitals in Delhi. They may not seem like much, but high or low blood pressure can lead to several complicated diseases. It is always essential to check blood pressure, especially after a certain age. It can check with lifestyle and dietary changes. Blood pressure carries a severe threat to the well-being of the patients.

Read Also: Sleeping Disorder Issues (Insomnia)

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